Garden Pond Plants Native to the UK

by Gary Rolfe

We're all now aware of the importance of water in a British wildlife garden. A pond, whether a small lake or a sunken bucket, is a valuable resource for many species in our gardens.

To get the most out of your pond you can use UK native plants. These plants have evolved alongside our native wildlife meaning they're readily sought out. Insects will use them for nectar, dragonflies lay eggs on them and amphibians spawn in them!

Garden birds, including waterfowl, and fish may also graze upon our native plants. They are a key component of our native food webs.

We have compiled a list of UK native pond plants below, for more information you can click on each plant's scientific name.

Deepwater Marginal Plants

Deepwater Marginal Plant

Brandy Bottle, Yellow Water Lily
Water Fringe

Floating Plants

Floating Pond Plants

Water Lilies

Water Lilies

White Water Lily

Marginal Plants

Marginal Pond Plants

Water Plantain
Bog Pimpernel
Lesser Water Plantain
Flowering Rush
Marsh Marigold, King Cup
Cuckoo Flower, Lady's Smock
Slender-Tufted Sedge
Carnation Grass, Carnation Sedge
Carex panicea
Pendulous Sedge
Cyperus Sedge
Greater Pond Sedge
Sweet Galingale
Common Spike-Rush
Eleocharis palustris
Dutch Rush
Cotton Grass, Bog Cotton
Hemp Agrimony, Dutch Agrimony
Marsh Spurge
Euphorbia palustris
Water Avens
Reed Sweet Grass
Marsh St John's Wort
Square-Stalked St John's Wort
Yellow Flag
Soft Rush, Smooth Rush
Hard Rush
Sea Rush
Alisma Natans, Floating Water Plantain
Ragged Robin
Creeping Jenny
Yellow Loosestrife
Lysimachia vulgaris
Purple Loosestrife
Water Mint
Pennyroyal, Pudding Grass
Water Forget-Me-Not
Amphibious Bistort
Adderwort, Bistort, Red Legs, Snakeweed
Petasites hybridus
Reed Canary Grass
Norfolk Reed, Common Reed, Phragmites Communis
Marsh Cinquefoil
Lesser Spearwort
Greater Spearwort
Great Water Dock, Water Dock
Rumex hydrolapathum
Bloodwort, Wood Dock
Sea Club Rush
Scirpus maritimus
Water Figwort
Scrophularia auriculata
Branched Bur-Reed
Marsh Woundwort
Lesser Bulrush, Lesser Reedmace, Narrowleaf Cattail
Greater Reedmace

Oxygenating Plants

Oxygenating Pond Plants

Spiked Water Milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum
Whorled Water Milfoil
Nitella flexilis
Curly Pondweed
Potamogeton crispus
Shining Pondweed
Potamogeton lucens
Broad Leaved Pondweed
Potamogeton natans
Fennel-Leaved Pondweed
Potamogeton pectinatus
Needle Spike-Rush
Mare's Tail
Water Violet
Pepper Grass
Pilularia globulifera
Ivy-Leaved Crowfoot
Ranunculus hederaceus
Water Crowfoot